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State Tree: White Oak
Connecticut
The Constitution State, 'He who transplanted sustains'
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Native Trees of Connecticut
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One of Connecticut's many natural
wonders are the remnants from the time of
glaciers.  A stroll along the famous beaches of
Long Island Sound reveals sediment left over
from 2 separate periods where glaciers covered
all of Connecticut. Although much of it is sand to
pebble size, some is as fine as silt or as large
as boulders.  Even hiking through the woods on
part of the Appalachian Trail, you may see
scattered rocks and boulders, the rounded
corners evidence of glacial wearing, which
•  Connecticut Native Trees A to Z
•  Connecticut Tree Facts
•  Connecticut Tree Families and Species
•  Endangered/Threatened Species
•  Tree Nurseries in Connecticut
 
seem out of place.  These boulders are also some of the debris left by the glacial retreats
and upon touching them, you can be physically connected to events occurring between
15,000 and 17,500 years ago. Stand alone large angular slabs of rocks are a gateway to
26,000 years ago when glacial runoff filled cracks in the the rocks, then froze and expanded,
separating the rocks and moving them.  The cold glacial history is evident just about
anywhere you look in Connecticut.
    In some areas, large shiny boulders lie at the base of outcroppings.  The glimmer in the
sunlight can be attributed to the composition, called schist, which contains high amounts of
mica and amphibole.  Made from high pressure and heat, this ancient rock from deep within
the earth splits and breaks easily and is often covered in a blanket of lichen.  With such
geological upheaval and change in its past, waterfalls are common and are the highlight of
many state parks.  Bisected by the Connecticut River, central Connecticut is home to the
beautiful and pristine Connecticut River Valley and has a wide variety of birds and wildlife. 
There are also many lakes that offer great fishing in the summer and great, if not colder, ice
fishing in winter.  Connecticut is a unique landscape, with exposed ancient bedrock,
waterfalls, and more forested land within its borders than any other state.  With over 130
state maintained parks and forests, finding a weekend getaway is just a short drive down the
road.
Connecticut Tree Facts
 
Forested acres: 1.68 million
Percent of land forested:
60% (approximate)
Number of State Parks or Forests: 105 parks, 32 state forests
Number of National Forests: 0
Number of Tree city USA communities: 19
Number of invasive trees: 53
(see state list for noxious/invasive plants)
Damaging insects of high concern: Emerald Ash Borer
Number of tree families in our collection: 26
Number of endangered or threatened species in our collection:
11



References:
Connecticut Judicial Branch, Law Libraries
Connecticut.gov

National Park Service, http://www.fs.usda.gov/
USDA, Forestry Service, FEIS
EDDMapS. 2013. Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Available online at http://www.eddmaps.org/; last accessed January 17, 2013.

Additional state resources:

Connecticut State Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, Parks and Forests
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Follow the links to view species native to Connecticut. If the genus is not linked, species are listed on the family page.

Aceraceae, Maple
Anacardiaceae, Sumac
    Rhus, Sumac
Betulaceae, Birch
     Betula, Birch
     Carpinus,
Hornbeam
     Corylus, Hazelnut
     Ostrya, Hophornbeam
Bignoniaceae, Trumpet Creeper
     Catalpa, Catalpa
     Chilopsis, Desert Willow
Caprifoliaceae,
Honeysuckle
     Sambucus,
Elderberry
     Viburnum, Viburnum
Cornaceae, Dogwood
     Cornus, Dogwood
     Nyssa, Tupelo
Cupressaceae- Cypress
     Chamaecyparis, Cedar
     Juniperus, Juniper
     Thuja, Arborvitae
Connecticut Tree Families and Genera
click to enlarge.
Useful information while browsing species:

How to read a botanical name

• How to use our species boxes:
        -Color denotes a tree that is rare or endangered
Please note: This is not a complete list of all native tree families and species found in Connecticut. We are constantly working towards a more comprehensive list and will add families and their species as completed. 
Additional Resources:

North American Native Tree Families
North American A to Z List by Scientific Name
North American A to Z List by Common Name
 
Fabaceae, Pea
Fagaceae, Beech
    Quercus, Oak
Hamaelidaceae, Witch-hazel
Juglandaceae, Walnut
     Carya, Hickory
    Juglans, Walnut
Lauraceae, Laurel
Magnoliaceae, Magnolia
Moraceae, Mulberry
    Morus, Mulberry
Myricaceae, Bayberry
Oleaceae, Olive Family
    Fraxinus, Ash
Pinaceae, Pine
    Abies, Fir
    Pinus, Pine
Platanaceae, Plane-tree
     Platanus, Sycamore
Rosaceae,
Rose
    Crataegus, Hawthorn
    Malus, Crab-apple
    Prunus, Plum/Cherry
Rubiaceae, Madder
Rutaceae, Rue
Salicaceae, Willow
    Populus, Cottonwood
    Salix, Willow
Tiliaceae, Lindon
     Tilia, Basswood
Ulmaceae, Elm
    Celtis, Hackberry
    Ulmus, Elm
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Connecticut Endangered or Threatened Tree Species
 
Additional Resources:

North American Rare and Endangered Trees

External Links:
USDA PLANTS Database
This is not a comprehensive list but we are always working on adding more and will update accordingly.

Of Special Concern:

Acer nigrum, Black maple
Cercis canadensis, Eastern redbud
Diospyros virginiana, Common persimmon
Liquidambar styraciflua, Sweetgum
Picea rubens, Red spruce
Prunus alleghaniensis, Allegheny plum
Salix petiolaris, Meadow willow
Salix serissima, Autumn willow
Viburnum nudum, Possumhaw
Viburnum prunifolium, Blackhaw

Threatened:

Salix exigua, Narrowleaf willow
Thuja occidentalis, Northern White Cedar
Looking for a nursery near you?
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Sorry, we do not currently have any tree nursery listings for this state.  We do update these lists, so please check back.
 
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Endangered:

Abies balsamea, Balsam fir
Amelanchier sanguinea, Roundleaf serviceberry
Morus rubra, Red mulberry
Pinus resinosa, Red pine
Populus heterophylla, Swamp cottonwood
Quercus macrocarpa, Bur oak
More so than many States, the state tree of
Connecticut is intertwined with dramatic and meaningful
history going back beyond the Declaration of
Independence by almost 100 years. In 1687, King James II was trying to revoke the
Charter signed by his predecessor, King Charles II, which granted Connecticut the right
to self governance.  In the midst of meetings and distress, the Charter disappeared and
is said to have been hidden by Captain Joseph Wadsworth.  In order to secure the
safety of the Charter and prevent
confiscation by the English
governor, it was placed in the hollow
of an unusually large white oak tree
on the estate of George Wyllys, one
of the first governors of the
Connecticut colony. This tree
became known as the Charter Tree
and is most certainly the most
famous tree to ever live in Hartford
and probably the entire state.  This
icon of freedom and perseverance
fell during a storm on August 21,
1856, and while all that remains of
its physical form are shoot
descendants, it is forever preserved
on the Connecticut State quarter.
The Charter Oak, oil on canvas, Charles De Wolf Brownell, 1857.
White Oak, Quercus alba
2012 TreesForMe Original Image.   See usage requirements.
White Oak leaves, Quercus alba
2012 TreesForMe Original Image.  
See usage requirements.
    Botanically speaking, White Oaks are a medium sized deciduous tree, reaching 60 to 80 feet in height, found throughout the eastern half of North America.  The leaves are lobed and yellowish green when young, turning darker with age.  It is a slow growing species but may live as long as 600 years.  White oak trees have high genetic variation and will hybridize with other members in the oak genus, Quercus. 
    The hard, heavy and strong wood has made this tree species the most important timber species in the southeastern part of its range.  It glues and takes a finish well and is used to make furniture, veneer, flooring, railroad ties and even caskets.  There is also a high demand for its use in whiskey barrels.  White oak wood is also valued as fire wood. 
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Ebenaceae, Ebony
     Diospyros, Persimmon
Ericaceae, Heath
Tree lists:
A-Z by scientific
  name     
A-Z by common
  name 
By Family
 
For state A-Z list click   state name below.