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Slash Pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm.)
  2 variations: elliottii, and densa
  Height: 50-100 ft
  Diameter: 2-3 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: low
  Annual rainfall: 40-80 inches
  Soil Needs: moist, pH 4.0-6.4,
  Frost Free Days: 250
  Minimum Temperature (F): -18
  Growth Rate: rapid
  Shade: Intolerant
  State List: AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC,
  SC, TX                                   ...more                   
Photo Gallery
Spruce Pine (Pinus glabra Walter.)
  Common name: Walter Pine, Cedar
  Height: 80-100 ft
  Diameter: 2-2.5 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: low
  Annual rainfall: 35-66
  Soil Needs: pH 3.8-5.6
  Frost Free Days: 240
  Minimum Temperature (F): -2
  Growth Rate: rapid
  Shade: Tolerant
  State List: AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, SC
Photo Gallery
Pinus glabra cones are close to the branches and nestled within dark green needles
An uncommon tree, it is usually found singly in mixed forests.  This native evergreen conifer gets its name because of the way it produces smaller branches between the major branch whorls, similar to a spruce.  A medium sized tree, Spruce pines usually grown 80 to o100 feet tall and reach 2 to 2.3 feet in diameter.  The trunk is straight with horizontal, somwhat drooping  ...more
Slash pine is a native evergreen conifer found across much of the southern United States. Pinus elliottii, the regular slash pine, is the most abundant and widely spread, whereas Florida Slash Pine, var. densa, is native only to central and southern Florida.  The two varieties can hybridize were their ranges overlap. There are several
distinguishing      ...more                                                                              
Virginia Pine (Pinus virginiana Mill)
  Height: 40-75 ft
  Diameter:1-1.5 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: highly
  Annual rainfall: 32-65
  Soil Needs: well draining, pH 4.5-7.5
  Frost Free Days: 90
  Minimum Temperature (F): -33
  Growth Rate: rapid
  Longevity: 200-450 years
  State List:AL, DE, GA, IL, IN, KY,
  MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA,
  SC, VA, WV
A native conifer, the Virginia Pine is a short to moderately lived tree, rarely reaching 150 years in age, and usually begins to decline between 65 and 90 years old.  Sometimes ragged or shrubby on poorer sites, Virginia pines only grow to a height of 25 feet in 20 years and reach a mature height between 40 and 70 feet.  Most trees do not exceed 1.5 feet in diameter.               ...more
Photo Gallery
Pinus virginiana seeds are brown and have a single papery wing
        -Color denotes a tree that is rare or endangered
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The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at plants.usda.gov.  In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the US distribution map will be used in its place.  Also, the PLANTS Database website states "Our county data are based primarily
on the literature, herbarium specimens, and confirmed observations. However, not all populations have been documented, so some gaps in the distribution shown above may not be real. Remember that only native and naturalized populations are mapped!"

Pine trees are one of the most varied and widely spread genus of native tree species in North America.  From the cold mountains of Alaska to Nova Scotia in the east, from high wind-swept Rocky Mountain cliffs to the fertile Appalachian forests, on seaside borders, swamps, dry foothills, lowlands and everywhere in between, pine trees can be found.  Adapted to so many environments, pine trees are hardy survivors in their native habitat.  The pine trees of North America were used by Native Americans for treatments of respiratory ailments, in canoe building and even as food.  Today native pines are one of the most valuable commercial timber sources and continue to be used for construction, furniture, pulpwood, land management and more.
Search all North American native Pine species here.

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Pine Trees of Alabama
The rough scaly bark of Pinus elliottii var. densa
Pinus elliottii var. densa has a 2 to 6 year grass stage
Pinus elliottii has unique growth buds as they have whitish scales
Pinus elliottii var. elliottii is native to scattered southern Alabama counties
Pinus glabra is native to the southern half of Alabama
Pinus virginiana is native to the northern half and a few scattered southern counties in Alabama