Fir Trees of Maryland
There are two varieties of Abies balsamea, one being typical of the species, var. balsamea, and the other being var. phanerolepis. For this article, we will discuss the species as a whole.
A slow growing tree species, the oldest individual trees are typically not more than 200 years old. Reaching 40 to 60 feet in height and 1 to 1.5 feet in diameter, a single trunk supports whorled branches. The ...more
Also included in the Pine family, Pinaceae, are the genera Larix (Larch), Picea (Spruce), Pinus (Pine), and Tsuga (Hemlock).
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Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.)
Height: 40-60 ft
Diameter: 1-1.5 ft
Showy flower: no
Fall colors: no-evergreen
Drought tolerant: low
Annual rainfall: 13-60
Soil Needs: moist, rocky
Frost Free Days: 80
Minimum Temperature (F): -43
Growth Rate: slow
Longevity: 200 years
State List: CT, IA, IN, MA, MD, ME,
MI, MN, NH, NY, OH, PA, RI, VA, VT
Old Line State, 'Strong deeds, gentle words'
Our distribution maps are based off the regional ranges of the specified tree species as they over lap the state borders. Gaps or inaccuracies may exist in our interpretation of the state specific range, but species generally may be found in at least one area of shaded counties. Where no regional range
maps are available, we have used the North American distribution maps from the USDA PLANTS Database. You may use TreesForMe distribution maps as long as the proper citation and link (if used online) is included. See usage requirements for details. Feel free to contact us with any questions you may have in relation to our distribution maps.
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