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Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta Douglas ex Louden
  Common Names: Interior Lodgepole
  Pine, Tamarack, Tall Lodgepole...
  Height: coastal 25-30, interior 75-100 ft
  Diameter: coastal 1-1.5, interior 1-3 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: low
  Annual rainfall: 18-25 inches
  Soil Needs: varied, pH 6.2-7.5
  Frost Free Days: 100
  Minimum Temperature (F): -70
  Growth Rate: rapid
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Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris Mill.)
Synonym: Pinus australis Michx. f. 
Common names: Longstraw, yellow...
  Height: 75-120ft
  Diameter: 2-2.5 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: moderate
  Annual rainfall: 40-60
  Soil Needs: infertile,  pH 6.0-7.0
  Frost Free Days: 250
  Minimum Temperature (F): -3
  Growth Rate: rapid
  Longevity: 400-500 years
  State List: AL, AR, FL...           more  
Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida Mill.)
  Common names: Candlewood, Torch..  
  Height: 50-80 ft
  Diameter: 1-2 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: moderate
  Annual rainfall: 37-56
  Soil Needs: poor, sandy, dry...
  Frost Free Days: 112
  Minimum Temperature (F): -43
  Growth Rate: rapid
  Longevity: moderate
  State List: CT, DE, GA, IL,   ... more  
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Pond Pine (Pinus serotina Michx)
  Synonym:Pinus rigida Mill. ssp.   
  serotina (Michx.) R.T. Clausen
  Height: 180-200 ft
  Diameter: 4-6 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: medium
  Annual rainfall: 20-80
  Soil Needs: infertile, shallow, rocky..
  Frost Free Days: 120
  Minimum Temperature (F): -38
  Growth Rate: rapid
  State List: AL, DE, FL, GA, MD...
Photo Gallery
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Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa)
  Common names: Western Yellow Pine
  Bull Pine, Silver Pine, Yosemite Pine..
  Height: 150-223 ft
  Diameter: 4 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant:
  Annual rainfall: 15-25
  Soil Needs: moist, pH 5.0-9.0
  Frost Free Days: 150
  Minimum Temperature (F): -36
  Growth Rate: moderate
  State List: AZ, CA, CO, ID, MT, ND,
  NE, NV...                         ...more                                           
Distibution maps courtesy USDA PLANTS Database
Lodgepole pine cones usually grow in pairs
This long lived native pine tree takes various forms depending on it's location.  Coastal trees usually reach heights of 25-30 feet and 1-1.5 feet in diameter.  It is often found with a Krummholz form form.  This twisted, often horizontally spread form is the result of constant winds that deform the tree over time.  Inland, or interior, lodgepole pines   ,.,more
A native conifer found in the southeastern United States.  Living between 400-500 years, Longleaf pine grows up to 120 feet tall and 2.5 feet in diameter.  A rapid grower, it is commin for this species to be 40 feet tall in only 20 years.  Like most pines, the first few years are spent in a grass stage where it develops a deep and extensive root
Needles are in bundles of 3, are 3 to 5 inches long, and yellowish-green.  They are stiff, sharp tipped, can be straight or slightly twisted, and persist on trees for 2 to 3 years.  Found in the tops of trees, female cones are oval, 2 to 2.3 inches in length, and have prickles on each scale.  They are yellowish-brown to grayish-brown and remain on trees               ....more
Found in swamps, marshes and moist sites, Pond Pine is an important wetland native species.  It grows to between 40 and 80 feet tall with an open, rounded, irregular crown.  Branches are thick and occasionally, there are needle clusters on the trunk.  The scaly, red-brown bark is of medium thickness and is fissured into irregular plates. 
Ponderosa pines are towering trees, regularly hitting the record books and recenty taking the title of tallest pine in the world at a staggering 268.35 feet tall.  Height ranges between 150-223 usually, but great heights have been recorded at optimum sites.  Trunk diameter is typically no larger than 4 feet.  Ponderosa pines have a single trunk with rough                   ...more
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Home>Families>Pinaceae>North American Native Pine Trees, Pinus
Tree lists:
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For state A-Z list click   state name below.
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3 Pinus palustris needles bundled together in a thick case
Bark of Longleaf pine is thick, fissured and has irregular, flaky plates
Photo Gallery
Pinus ponderosa cones, nestled in a thick tuft of needles, hang from branches in bundles of 3.
Small brown single winged Pinus ponderosa seeds
Warm brown in color, Pinus ponderosa cones average 6 inches in length
In the United States, Lodgepole Pine is native to Alaska, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
Longleaf Pine is native to AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TX, VA
Pitch pine is found primarily in the northeast and great lakes regions of North America
Pinus serotina is native to Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, New Jersery, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia
Pinus ponderosa is native to the western half of North America (only British Columbia in Canada)
Pine (Pinus) Genus
For an A-Z list (by scientific name) of native pine trees click here.
Want to see another family? Select it here:
Pine trees are one of the most varied and widely spread
genus of native tree species in North America.  From the
cold mountains of Alaska to Nova Scotia in the east, from high
wind-swept Rocky Mountain cliffs to the fertile Appalachian
forests, on seaside borders, swamps, dry foothills, lowlands
and everywhere in between, pine trees can be found.  Adapted
to so many environments, pine trees are hardy survivors in
their native habitat.  The pine trees of North America were
used by Native Americans for treatments of respiratory ailments, in canoe building and even as food.  Today native pines are one of the most valuable commercial timber sources and continue to be used for construction, furniture, pulpwood, land management and more.
North American Pine Family
Pine Family A to Z
If you already know which species you want to see, selected it here to go to its botanical profile page:
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