Fir Trees of Georgia
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Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poiret
THREATENED IN TENNESSEE
Height: 45-55 ft
Diameter: 1 ft
Showy flower: no
Fall colors: no-evergreen
Drought tolerant: Low
Annual rainfall: 45-100 inches
Soil Needs: shallow, rocky
Frost Free Days: 90
Minimum Temperature (F): -23
Growth Rate: moderate
Shade tolerance: tolerant, stunted
State List: GA, NC, TN, VA
Fraser Fir, named after
Scotsman John Fraser,
has a moderate growth
rate, only hitting 20 feet tall
by age 20, and can live
between 100 to 150 years
of age. It has a single
trunk which supports its
classic Christmas tree
pyramidal shape. Needles
of Abies fraseri are deep
blueish green, flat and .8 to
1.5 inches long. The root
system is shallow and
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The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at plants.usda.gov. In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the US distribution map will be used in its place. Also, the PLANTS Database website states "Our county data are based primarily on the literature, herbarium specimens,
and confirmed observations. However, not all populations have been documented, so some gaps in the distribution shown above may not be real. Remember that only native and naturalized populations are mapped!"
Also included in the Pine family, Pinaceae, are the genera Larix (Larch), Picea (Spruce), Pinus (Pine), and Tsuga (Hemlock).
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