Fir Trees of Tennessee
To visit other tree families in Tennessee, select it here:
Fraser Fir, named after
Scotsman John Fraser,
has a moderate growth
rate, only hitting 20 feet tall
by age 20, and can live
between 100 to 150 years
of age.  It has a single
trunk which supports its
classic Christmas tree
pyramidal shape.  Needles
of Abies fraseri are deep
blueish green, flat and .8 to
1.5 inches long.  The root
system is shallow and
rarely reaches       ...more                                                                              
Photo Gallery
Seeds of Fraser fir are small, slightly triangular and have a single, brownish gray wing to aid in wind dispersal.
Abies fraseri is threatened in Tennessee and is only found in the high elevations along the eastern border of the state.
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Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poiret
  Height: 45-55 ft
  Diameter: 1 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: Low
  Annual rainfall: 45-100 inches
  Soil Needs: shallow, rocky
  Frost Free Days: 90
  Minimum Temperature (F): -23
  Growth Rate: moderate
  Shade tolerance: tolerant, stunted
  State List: GA, NC, TN, VA 
The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at  In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the US distribution map will be used in its place.  Also, the PLANTS Database website states "Our county data are based primarily on the literature, herbarium specimens,
and confirmed observations.  However, not all populations have been documented, so some gaps in the distribution shown above may not be real. Remember that only native and naturalized populations are mapped!"

Also included in the Pine family, Pinaceae, are the genera Larix (Larch), Picea (Spruce), Pinus (Pine), and Tsuga (Hemlock).
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Native Fir Trees, Abies and Pseudotsuga
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